Humans talk, dogs bark and cats meow, so what do ants do?
Ants communicate by numerous methods, they use pheromones, sounds and touch.
The primary and most interesting method of communication is the ants use of chemical signals or “pheromones”.
A pheromone is “a chemical substance produced and released into the environment by an animal, especially a mammal or an insect, affecting the behaviour or physiology of others of its species”
When an ant finds something of interest, they create a trail with the pheromone saying ‘food this way’ or ‘defend the nest’ or ‘move this rock’. Depending on the strength of the pheromone scent, ants can summon hundreds or thousands of their work mates for the task.
The queen can also release pheromones on her status and can tell her workers that it’s time to produce princesses and drones (male ants).